An Anchor—Potent Christian Symbol

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The English word “anchor” comes from the Latin word ancora and its Greek cognate ankyra meaning “hook or anchor.” As a noun, anchor means the anchor on a ship.  As a verb, anchor means “to fix or secure in a particular place.” Anchors have been a crucial part of man’s existence since…he started exploring the oceans around him.

The oldest known sea-faring hulled boat, dating to c. 1300 BC, was discovered off the coast of Uluburun Turkey in 1982 by sponge diver Mehmed Cakir.

                                                    Wooden model of the shipwrecked Uluburun Ship

In ancient times there were two ways to travel—by land and by sea. If one traveled by sea in a ship and reached the desired port, an anchor was dropped overboard to secure and to fasten the ship to the bottom of the ocean, lake or river.

Wood anchor with lead plummet and clamps, found in the ancient Israeli port city of Ashkelon on the Mediterranean coast. Dated to the Hellenistic-Roman period.

The hope was, of course, that the ship, so anchored, would be there when needed again. A “sea anchor: aka a “drift anchor/boat brake” is thrown overboard in a storm in order to stabilize a boat by increasing the drag through turbulent waters.

The author of the New Testament book of Hebrews uses the anchor as a symbol, a metaphor of hope and stability for the Christian in the storms of life and during the death of life:

          Catacomb of St. Callistus

“God did this so that, by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled to take hold of the hope set before us may be greatly encouraged. We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure.” Hebrews 6:18. 19

In early Christian iconography in the Roman catacombs (c. late 100-400 AD), one often finds on the tombs of the dead Christians an anchor as a symbol of their firm hope in an eternal life with their Savior.

Because early Christians were persecuted and had to hide their faith in Christ, their iconography became quite rich in its use of symbols. The anchor mentioned in Hebrews 6:18, 19 provided just another way to express their faith.

Gravestone St. Domitilla catacomb in Rome depicting two fish anchored to the anchor of hope

Christ was Ichthus, the Fish, the Fisherman of people and Christians were “little fishes,” Christ ones,” followers of Christ. This engraving (above) combines the Anchor, Fish symbol and the Ichthus.

CLICK HERE  for article on the meaning of the Ichthus Symbol

In addition to the anchor being a symbol of terrestrial and eternal HOPE, the shape of an anchor simulates the shape of the Cross upon which Jesus died for our sins.

Here in catacomb art (below) we find the anchor, the cross, the Ichthus and the Christians as Little Fish, “Christ ones.” As can be observed, the anchor can be enriched by adding other Christian symbols to it or surrounding it.

Chi/Rho are first  Greek letters in CH-R-ist’s name

Left from the Catacomb of St. Sebastian another Christian symbol, the Chi Rho on the right, is carved into the rock along with the fish and the anchor.

CLICK HERE for article on the Chi Rho symbol

For the Christian, Christ is “the Way, the Truth, the Life” (John 14:6) and the Anchor of our soul Who fastens and fixates both our hope here on earth and in the world to come.—By Sandra Sweeny Silver

Christian Roman epitaph of Atimetus from the catacombs of St. Sebastian on the Via Appia, Rome. Inscription flanked by two Christian symbols, an anchor and a fish.

  Will Your Anchor Hold In The Storms Of Life –  Priscilla Owens, 1882

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